A data set is a collection of data that relates to a subject. In database terms, it will correspond to contents of a single table. Each row is a member of the data set, and each column represents a specific variable that applies to the members.

For example, a list of students in a class will be the members of the data set. Columns can represent each of the tests they have taken during the semester. Enter the corresponding test scores for each student. The resulting table is a data set representing the students’ test scores for the semester.

Other interesting terms…