Artificial Intelligence is the branch of computer science that deals with the creation of machines or systems capable of performing functions that would normally require human intelligence. These machines interact with the environment and behave according to the information they receive about it, without any human intervention.

Artificial Intelligence has been romanticized in science fiction literature and Hollywood movies. They have given us images of computers and robots that can talk, think, and act like human beings. The real state of AI is nowhere near this level yet. However, we are now seeing more and more machines that can play chess with human grandmasters, engage in intelligent conversations, and even drive cars.

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