Industry 4.0 has been described as the fourth wave of the industrial revolution that changed the course of human civilization.

The first wave was the birth of mechanization which accelerated industrial, economic, and human activity.

The second wave was the advent of electricity which powered mass production.

The third wave is the era of electronics and information technology that automated production.

Finally, the fourth wave – Industry 4.0 – is the emergence of the Internet and digitalization which enabled the interconnection and interaction of technologies.

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